One of the most important concepts of law, ethics and security is security and safety. Security is the condition of being secure from harm, injury, or the threat of damage. Safety is also a management concept, the ability to protect, control or ensure that the public is shielded from conditions that could be harmful. In its broader sense security and safety includes not only the physical aspects related to physical security, but also includes the social and economical aspects.
The concern for safety extends to all parts of life. It also includes those aspects that affect individuals as members of a social community or society. Security is related to laws that are designed to promote and maintain the quality of life and the protection of people, property, and institutions. When considered in this context security and safety are associated with legal obligations.
The primary objective of the law is to define and guarantee the rights granted to individuals. The same is true for security. The legal aspects of security are also related to ensuring safety. The fundamental principles governing the enforcement of safety regulations include: prevention, detection, investigation and protection. In the wider perspective, safety regulation is a branch of law dedicated to the promotion of the security of persons and property and to ensure their protection against the threat of physical harm and destruction.
security and safety
The primary function of security is to provide protection against acts of violence and violation of individual rights. Protection of premises is a key aspect of security. Proximity to security personnel and physical barriers to help reduce the likelihood of an attack. These physical barriers are usually placed within a controlled environment such as a store, business center, factory or office building. They provide a physical barrier to an attacker and prevent him from entering a premises.
A wide range of legislation exists that address the issue of security and safety. These laws enable security and safety officers to carry out their duties and to maintain control over the use of premises. Police officers are charged with protecting public safety by arresting suspects who breach laws and regulations. In the UK, police officers are granted powers to arrest people for any offence within the force’s control. The powers are granted by the Criminal Justice Act 1985.
A security guard is an official appointed representative of any body that ensures the safety of the premises or individual. Commonly, security guards protect private homes and business premises from unlawful entry or damage. Security guards may also be hired to serve at night, and during emergencies and bomb scares. They also act as personal protection for employees, customers or members of the public when they are threatened in some way. Sometimes, security officers are also charged with conducting spot checks.
Another type of security service is that provided by civil law enforcement agencies. This type of service involves investigating crimes, identifying perpetrators and gathering evidence for court proceedings. The role of a security officer is not limited to enforcing legislation, but also investigating crimes or suspected offences. Some civil law enforcement agents perform other security and safety functions such as collecting evidence for trials, performing surveillance and gathering intelligence.
Public places and premises can be highly dangerous, especially when disturbed by a perpetrator or others who are intent on causing trouble. Businesses can lose money and employees can be injured or killed if public safety measures are not taken. The government should take action to implement legislation that creates a position of legal protection for individuals, business owners and employees. This should include the hiring of security personnel and providing them with proper training. It should also entail the enforcement of safety and security legislation in all circumstances.